John J DeGioia
Sir Gus Nossal
Sir Michael Rawlins
Kenneth J. Arrow
Kenneth J. Arrow is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Economics at Stanford University and trustee of Economists for Peace and Security. Joint winner of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics with John Hicks in 1972 at the age of 51, he is the youngest person to have received this award to date. His most significant works are his contributions to social choice theory, notably “Arrow’s impossibility theorem,” and his work on general equilibrium analysis. He has also provided foundational work in many other areas of economics, including endogenous growth theory and the economics of information. For more than fifty years, Arrow has been one of the most influential of all practicing economists.
Avram Noam Chomsky is Institute Professor and Professor Emeritus in the Department of Linguistics & Philosophy at MIT, where he has worked for over 50 years. Chomsky has been described as the “father of modern linguistics” and a major figure of analytic philosophy. His work has influenced fields such as computer science, mathematics, and psychology. According to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index in 1992, Chomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar from 1980 to 1992. He is also the eighth most cited source of all time, and is considered the “most cited living author.” Chomsky is the author of over 100 books.
John J. DeGioia
John J. “Jack” DeGioia has been the President of Georgetown University since 2001. He has a strong interest in ethics and global development, and hosted the US launch of the Health Impact Fund proposal in December 2008 at Georgetown. He represents Georgetown at the World Economic Forum and the Council on Foreign Relations, and is a member of the Board of Trustees of the Carnegie Corporation of New York. He is also a member of the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, and was named a Washingtonian of the Year by The Washingtonian magazine in 2008.
Dr. Ruth Faden, a leading bioethicist, holds several scholarly appointments. At Johns Hopkins, she is the Philip Franklin Wagley Professor of Biomedical Ethics, Professor in the Department of Health Policy and Management at the Bloomberg School of Public Health, Professor in the Department of Medicine, and the Director of the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics. She is also Senior Research Scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University. Dr. Faden’s books include Social Justice: The Moral Foundations of Public Health and Health Policy(with Madison Powers) and A History and Theory of Informed Consent (with Tom L. Beauchamp). She was appointed by President Clinton as chair of the President’s Advisory Committee on Human Radiation Experiments. She holds an M.P.H. and Ph.D. from the Program in Attitudes and Behavior from the University of California, Berkeley.
Dr. Paul Farmer is an anthropologist and physician who specializes in infectious diseases. He is a co-founder, along with World Bank President Jim Yong Kim, of Partners in Health, an international nonprofit that provides medical and advocacy services for the poor. He is the Kolokotrones University Professor at Harvard University, the chair of the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and the Chief of the Division of Global Health Equity at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. He has practiced clinical medicine for many years, including in Haiti, where he was medical director of L’Hôpital Bon Sauveur. He is currently the UN Deputy Special Envoy to Haiti as well as the UN Secretary-General’s Special Advisor for Community-based Medicine and Lessons from Haiti. He has received numerous awards, among them a MacArthur Fellowship and the Hilton Humanitarian Award (for Partners in Health).
Dr. Robert C. Gallo
Dr. Robert C. Gallo co-founded the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in 1996, and has since been its Director. Previously, (for 30 years) he was at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Bethesda, MD. While at NCI, Dr. Gallo and his colleagues discovered HIV, provided the first results to show that HIV was the cause of AIDS, and developed the life-saving HIV blood test. He and his colleagues also discovered the first endogenous inhibitors of HIV, which helped in the later discovery of the HIV co-receptor, CCR5, and opened up entire new approaches to treatment of HIV disease. He and his co-workers also discovered interleukin-2 (Il-2), which proved to be a major tool not only for immunology but also for the discovery of all human retroviruses, the first human retrovirus (HTLV-1) and showed it was a cause of a particular form of human leukemia, the second-known human retrovirus (HTLV-2), and the human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6).
Dr. Gallo has been awarded 30 honorary doctorates, is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine, and a member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame. He is also the recipient of numerous scientific honors and awards. Dr. Gallo was the most cited scientist in the world 1980-1990, according to the Institute for Scientific Information, and he was ranked third in the world for scientific impact for the period 1983-2002. He has published close to 1,300 papers.
Professor David Haslam is the chairman of the National Institute of Care Excellence (NICE). He was a GP in Ramsey, Cambridgeshire for many years. He was president of the British Medical Association (2011-12), President (2006-9) and chairman (2001-4) of the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP), and vice chairman of the Academy of Medical Royal Colleges. He is a visiting Professor in Primary Health Care at De Montfort University in Leicester. He is also a member of the National Quality Board and Chair of the NQB Quality Information Committee. He was formerly National Professional Advisor to the Care Quality Commission, and was chair of the NICE Evidence Accreditation Advisory Committee.
Professor Haslam chaired the Modernising Medical Careers Programme Board from 2007-9. He was co-chair of the NHS Future Forum Information subgroup, a member of the Postgraduate Medical Education Training Board, a member of NHS MEE, co-chair of the MMC Programme Board from 2006-9 and a board member of the Postgraduate Medical Education Training Board.
David is a Fellow of the RCGP, the Faculty of Public Health, the Academy of Medical Educators and the Royal College of Physicians. He has written 13 books, mainly on health topics for the lay public and translated into 13 languages, and well over a thousand articles for the medical and lay press. He was awarded the CBE in 2004 for services to Medicine and Health Care.
The Right Honourable Paul Martin was the twenty-first Prime Minister of Canada from 2003 to 2006. He was also Canada’s Minister of Finance during the period 1993 to 2002, during which time he erased Canada’s forty-two billion dollar deficit and recorded five consecutive budget surpluses. He also strengthened the regulations governing Canada’s financial institutions, with the result that Canada is now viewed as an international model for sound financial regulation. In September 1999, Mr. Martin was named the inaugural chair of the Finance Ministers’ G-20. As Prime Minister, Mr. Martin successfully passed a bill implementing Canada’s Access to Medicines Regime.
Currently, Mr. Martin is the co-chair, with Nobel Peace Prize laureate Wangari Maathai, of a two hundred million dollar British-Norwegian poverty alleviation and sustainable development fund for the ten-nation Congo Basin Forest. He also sits on the advisory council of the Coalition for Dialogue on Africa, an initiative that examines critical issues facing the continent. Since his retirement from politics, he has also been an advisor for the International Monetary Fund’s Western Hemisphere Regional Advisory Group.
Christopher Murray is the Institute Director of the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and Professor of Global Health at the University of Washington School of Medicine. A physician and health economist, his work has led to the development of a range of new methods and empirical studies to strengthen the basis for population health measurement, measure the performance of public health and medical care systems, and assess the cost-effectiveness of health technologies.
Murray’s early work focused on tuberculosis control and the development with Dr. Alan Lopez of the Global Burden of Disease methods and applications. In this work, they developed a new metric to compare death and disability from various diseases and the contribution of risk factors to the overall burden of disease in developing and developed countries. This pioneering effort has been hailed as a major landmark in public health and an important foundation for policy formulation and priority setting.
Murray served as the Executive Director of the Evidence and Information for Policy Cluster at the World Health Organization from 1998 to 2003. From 2003 until 2007, he was the Director of the Harvard University Initiative for Global Health and the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies, as well as the Richard Saltonstall Professor of Public Policy at the Harvard School of Public Health.
Onora O’Neill is a crossbench member of the UK House of Lords, Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at the University of Cambridge. She is also Trustee of Sence About Science since 2002, of the Ditchley Foundation, and of the Gates Cambridge Trust.
She was made a Life peer as Baroness O’Neill of Bengarve, of The Braid in the County of Antrim in 1999, and in 2007 was elected an honorary FRS. She is also a Foreign Hon. Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1993) and the Austrian Academy of Sciences (2002), a Foreign Member of the American Philosophical Society (2003), and Hon. Member Royal Irish Academy (2003), a Foreign Member of the Leopoldina (2004) and the Norwegian Academy of Sciences (2006) and a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences.
Previously, from 1988-1989, she was the President of the British Academy, and then she chaired the Nuffield Foundation from 1998 to 2010. Until October 2006, she was the Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge. She has also been a member of the Animal Procedures Committee (1990 to 1994), chair of Nuffield Council on Bioethics (1996 to 1998), and a member and then acting chair of the Human Genetics Advisory Commission (1996 to 1999).
Sir Gustav Nossal
Sir Gus Nossal is a world-renowned Australian research biologist and the chairman of the Advisory Committee of the Global Foundation. His classic work confirming Burnet’s theory of antibody formation was a watershed in understanding the immune system. He has helped build the foundations of modern immunology as Director of The Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research (1965-1996). Nossal has worked in the improvement of global health through his long-term involvement with the WHO, as Chairman of the Global Programme for Vaccines and Immunization (1993-2002). He was also Chairman of the Strategic Advisory Council of the Bill and Melinda Gates Children’s Vaccine Program (1998-2003), a member of the Prime Minister’s Science, Engineering and Innovation Council (1989-1998), and president of the 30,000-member world body of immunology, the International Union of Immunological Societies. Noted appointments in Australia include Deputy Chairman of the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation (1998-2000); President of the Australian Academy of Science (1994-1998); and Chairman of the Victorian Health Promotion Foundation (1987-1996).
James Orbinski is Associate Professor of Medicine and Political Science and the Research Chair in Global Health at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto. He is also the CIGI Chair and Professor in Global Health at the Balsillie School of International Affairs, the Director of Africa Initiative at the Centre for International Governance Innovation, and a Professor at the School of International Policy and Governance at Wilfrid Laurier University.
He has worked in the field extensively for Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), including as Head of Mission in Kigali during the Rwandan genocide of 1994. Orbinski was elected MSF’s international president from 1998 to 2001. He launched its Access to Essential Medicines Campaign in 1999, and in that same year accepted the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to MSF for its pioneering approach to medical humanitarianism, and most especially for its approach to witnessing.
From 2001 to 2004 Orbinski co-chaired MSF’ s Neglected Diseases Working Group, which created and launched the Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative (DNDi). The DNDi is a global not-for-profit drug development organization that develops medicines and other health technologies for diseases largely neglected by profit driven research and development companies. He was also a research scientist and clinician at St. Michael‘s Hospital at the University of Toronto for a few years after 2004.
Orbinski is also a founder and Board Chair of Dignitas International, a hybrid academic nongovernmental organization launched to research community-based care, prevention and treatment for people living with HIV in the developing world.
Sir Michael Rawlins
Sir Michael Rawlins is the President of the Royal Society of Medicine and is on the board of directors for Intra-Cellular therapies, Inc. He was the chairman of the National Institute of Health & Care Excellence (NICE) since its formation in 1999 to 2012. He is also chairman of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs since 1998. He is an Honorary Professor at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, and Emeritus Professor at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne.
He was the Ruth and Lionel Jacobson Professor of Clinical Pharmacology at the University of Newcastle upon Tyne from 1973 to 2006. At the same time he held the position of consultant physician and consultant clinical pharmacologist to the Newcastle Hospitals NHS Trust. He was vice-chairman (1987-1992) and chairman (1993-1998) of the Committee on Safety of Medicines.
Karin Roth has been a member of the Committee for Economic Cooperaton and Development since November 2009, and speaker of the SPD-faction in the Subcommittee on Health in Developing Countries since April 2010. From 2002 to 2012, she represented the Esslingen constituency in the German Parliament. From November 2005 to October 2009, she was also Parliamentary State Secretary at the Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Affairs.
Amartya Sen is Lamont University Professor and Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard University and was until recently the Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. He was formerly Honorary President of OXFAM and is now its Honorary Advisor.
Amartya Sen’s books include Poverty and Famines, Development as Freedom, and Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny among others. His research has ranged over a number of fields in economics, philosophy, and decision theory, including social choice theory, welfare economics, theory of measurement, development economics, public health, gender studies, moral and political philosophy, and the economics of peace and war. Sen has been awarded numerous awards and honorary degrees, including the Nobel Prize in Economics in 1998 and Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian award in India.
Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics in the University Center for Human Values at Princeton University, Laureate Professor at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne, president of Animal Rights International, and a member of the advisory board of Academics Stand Against Poverty. He first became well-known internationally after the publication of Animal Liberation. His other books include: Practical Ethics; The Expanding Circle; How Are We to Live?, Rethinking Life and Death, One World, Pushing Time Away, The President of Good and Evil, and The Ethics of What We Eat(with Jim Mason). He also co-founded The Great Ape Project with Paola Cavalieri, and served twice as chair of the philosophy department at Monash University, where he founded its Centre for Human Bioethics. In 2005 Time named him one of the world’s 100 most influential people.
Judith Whitworth is Professor Emeritus of The Australian National University and an Honorary Professorial Fellow at the George Institute for International Health in Sydney. She was Chair of the WHO Global Advisory Committee on Health Research (2004-2011) and currently co-chairs the NSW Health Care Advisory Council.
Professor Whitworth graduated MBBS from the University of Melbourne in 1967, MD in 1974, PhD in 1978 and DSc in 1992. She has honorary degrees from The University of Sydney , the University of New South Wales , the University of Glasgow, and Charles Darwin University.
Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul was a member of the German Bundestag for Wiesbaden and a member of the Social Democratic Party. From 1998 to 2009, she was Federal Minister for Economic Cooperation and Development. Prior to her election to the Bundestag in 1987, she was a Member of the European Parliament from 1979 to 1987, where she served on the Foreign Trade Committee. Wieczorek-Zeul is a teacher by profession.
Richard Wilder is Associate General Counsel of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Before returning to the private practice of law, Wilder was Director of the Global Intellectual Property Issues Division in the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). There he was responsible for programs dealing with diverse issues, including biotechnology, genetic resources, health care, traditional knowledge, folklore and human rights. Wilder also served in the U.S. Patent and Trademark, Office of Legislative and International Affairs, where he represented the U.S. Government in international negotiations on intellectual property issues.
Before his public service, Wilder practiced intellectual property law in corporate and law firm settings. There he advised clients in all areas of intellectual property, sought protection (including drafting and filing patent and trademark applications), conducted licensing negotiations, and handled dispute resolution involving intellectual property. In the area of dispute resolution, he handled litigated matters both in U.S. Federal Courts and before the U.S. International Trade Commission.